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EXPOSURE TO DATING VIOLENCE AMONG UNIVERSITY STUDENTS: RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN EXPOSURE TO VIOLENCE, AND ATTITUDES TOWARDS DATING VIOLENCE AND PERCEPTION OF GENDER
Kevser Tarı Selçuk1, Dilek Avcı1, Yeliz Mercan2
1Bandırma Onyedi Eylül Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Fakültesi, Hemşirelik Bölümü, Bandırma/Balıkesir, Türkiye
2Kırklareli Üniversitesi Sağlık Yüksekokulu, Ebelik Bölümü, Kırklareli, Türkiye
Keywords: University student, Gender, Dating violence

Objectives: The study was aimed at determining university students’ exposure to psychological, physical, sexual dating violence and the relationship between attitudes towards dating violence and perception of gender, and exposure to psychological, physical, sexual dating violence.

Material-Method: This cross-sectional study was performed at Bandırma Onyedi Eylül University between January 2017 and April 2017. The study population comprised 292 students studying in the Department of Nursing at the Faculty of Health Sciences. The data were collected by the researchers using the Personal Information Form, The Attitudes Towards Dating Violence Scale, and Gender Perception Scale. In the analysis, descriptive statistics, Chi Square, Kolmogrow Smirnow test, Mann Whitney U test were used. The p value of <0.05 was considered significant.

Results: During the study, 45.4% of the participating students were dating. Of them, 39.5%, 8.5% and 3.9% were exposed to psychological, physical and sexual dating violence, respectively. While rates for exposure to psychological violence were higher in girls, rates for exposure to physical violence were higher in those who were exposed to dating violence previously (p<0.001). In those exposed to physical violence, the mean score for the Gender Perception Scale was low (p<0,001), but the mean score for the Attitudes Towards Male Psychological and Physical Dating Violence Scale was high (p<0,005).

Conclusion: The present study determined that students are exposed to high levels of dating violence, that violence is an issue resulting from gender-related negative norms, and that acceptance of violence is a risk factor in terms of exposure to physical violence.