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THE TURKISH VERSION OF THE CHILDBIRTH FEAR – PRIOR TO PREGNANCY SCALE: THE VALIDITY AND RELIABILITY STUDY IN MEN AND WOMEN
Tuba Uçar1, Sermin Timur Taşhan2
1İnönü Üniversitesi, Sağlık Bilimleri Fakültesi, Ebelik Bölümü, Malatya, Türkiye
2İnönü Üniversitesi, Sağlık Bilimleri Fakültesi, Hemşirelik Bölümü, Malatya, Türkiye
Keywords: Fear of childbirth, pre-pregnancy, validity, reliability

Objective: The aim of this research was to apply the Childbirth Fear – Prior to Pregnancy Scale as developed by Stoll et al. (2016) to determine the pre-pregnancy birth fears of young Turkish men and women and to examine the psychometric their properties.

Method: After the scale was translated into Turkish and back translation studies were carried out, it was presented to seven professors (two midwifery, four obstetrics and gynecology nursing and one psychiatric nursing experts). With the proposal of the experts, the female and male portions of the scale were separated and 1100 students (543 women and 557 men) who were studying at a state university were administered the Women Childbirth Fear – Prior to Pregnancy Scale (WCF-PPS) and Men Childbirth Fear – Prior to Pregnancy Scale (MCF-PPS). The validity and reliability analyses of the WCF-PPS and the MCF-PPS were performed separately. In the validity analysis, explanatory factor analysis and confirmatory factor analysis were examined; in the reliability analysis, Cronbach’s alpha reliability coefficient and test retest correlation were examined. The item total correlation coefficient and the significance levels of the mean of the upper / lower 27% groups were evaluated for the item analysis.

Results: The exploratory factor analysis revealed that the scale consisted of 10 items and one factor in both female and male students, and in the confirmatory factor analysis it was determined that the WCF-PPS and MCF-PPS model had good adaptive values in both groups. The Cronbach’s alpha internal consistency coefficients obtained from the reliability analyses of the scale were 0.89 for WCF-PPS and 0.84 for MCF-PPS, and item-total correlation coefficients and test-retest reliability coefficients obtained at three-week intervals were acceptable for both groups.

Conclusion: The obtained results showed that WCF-PPS and MCF-PPS have sufficient validity and reliability for Turkish university students.