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COCHLEAR IMPLANT: BIONIC EAR
Murat Koçyiğit, Taliye Cakabay, Safiye Giran Ortekin, Selin Üstün Bezgin
Kanuni Sultan Süleyman Eğitim Araştırma Hastanesi, Kulak Burun Boğaz Kliniği, İstanbul
Keywords: cochlear implant, ear, language, speech, bionic

Hearing occurs with the arrival of sound to the hairy cells and subsequent movement of the hairy cells causing vibrations which change into electrical signals stimulating ganglion cells and cochlear nerves reaching the central upper brain. The Cochlear implant is a device that directly stimulates ganglion cells bypassing the Corti organ in the inner ear where hearing loss may occur due to damage or agenesis of the inner ear. This study, though literature reviews, aims to raise awareness of the increasing use of the Cochlear impant (bionic ear) in patients with severe hearing loss and, particularly, in new-born patients with congenital hearing loss.