Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is a problem that threatens many hospitalized patients. Risk of DVT development
is higher among post-operative patients as compared with other patients. The risk increases substantially in
patients undergoing orthopedic, gynecological and brain surgeries and among the elderly. In the guidelines
of The American College of Chest Physicians (ACCP), surgical patients are divided into low, medium, high and
very high risk groups in terms of risk development. Primary care includes early post-operative bed removal and
leg exercises among the low risk patients. For medium or high risk patients, elastic bandages or intermittent
pneumatic compressions that reduce venous stasis are applied. Secondary care includes early diagnosis and
subclinic DVT treatment during the post-operative period among the high risk patients whose primary prophylaxis
intervention is not sufficient or unfavorable.
Surgical nurses occupy a valuable position in evaluation of risk factors and non-pharmacological DVT prophylaxis
interventions. The study deals with the risk factors that may develop DVT, treatment methods and nursing
interventions among surgical patients.