Objective: This study was performed to determine the effect of music therapy on patients anxiety and hemodynamic parameters during percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty.
Methods: The research was performed between dates FebruaryApril 2014 in an angiography unit. Patients were randomly allocated to either the control (n=35) or the experimental groups (n=35). The data were collected by a demographic questionnaire, State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI)-Form Tx-1", "STAI-Form Tx-2" and a data sheet for documenting hemodynamic parameters. Descriptive statistics, chi square, Mann-Whitney U, Wilcoxon and t-tests were used in the evaluation of the data. t-tests were used in the analysis of the data.
Results: Both control groups were similar to each other in terms of sociodemographic characteristics (p>0.05). Before the intervention, the study groups did not differ significantly in terms of anxiety level and hemodynamic parameters. The level of post-intervention anxiety in the experimental group was significantly higher than the pre-test readings (36.1±3.4 and 38.3±4.5
respectively; p=0.00). At the same time the level of post-intervention anxiety in the control group was significantly higher than the pre-test readings (36.4±3.1 and 37.5±3.8 respectively; p=0.00). Furthermore, there was no significant change in vital signs in both groups (p>0.05).
Conclusion: This study showed that the music administered through headphones to patients during percutaneous coronary intervention does not decrease procedure-related state anxiety and vital signs.