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2018, Cilt 9, Sayı 2, Sayfa(lar) 130-136
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EFFECT OF MUSIC THERAPY ON PATIENTS’ ANXIETY AND HEMODYNAMIC PARAMETERS DURING PERCUTANEOUS CORONARY INTERVENTION: A RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Gülsüm Nihal Çürük1, Songül Göriş2, Sevda Korkut Bayındır2, Zeynep Doğan3
1İzmir Ekonomi Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Fakültesi, Hemşirelik Bölümü, İzmir, Türkiye
2Erciyes Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Fakültesi, Hemşirelik Bölümü, Kayseri, Türkiye
3Erciyes Üniversitesi Yılmaz-Mehmet Öztaşkın Kalp Hastanesi, Kardiyoloji Bölümü, Kayseri, Türkiye
Keywords: Anxiety, nurse, percutanuous coronary intervention, music

Objective: This study was performed to determine the effect of music therapy on patients’ anxiety and hemodynamic parameters during percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty.

Methods: The research was performed between dates February–April 2014 in an angiography unit. Patients were randomly allocated to either the control (n=35) or the experimental groups (n=35). The data were collected by a demographic questionnaire, State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI)-Form Tx-1", "STAI-Form Tx-2" and a data sheet for documenting hemodynamic parameters. Descriptive statistics, chi square, Mann-Whitney U, Wilcoxon and t-tests were used in the evaluation of the data. t-tests were used in the analysis of the data.

Results: Both control groups were similar to each other in terms of sociodemographic characteristics (p>0.05). Before the intervention, the study groups did not differ significantly in terms of anxiety level and hemodynamic parameters. The level of post-intervention anxiety in the experimental group was significantly higher than the pre-test readings (36.1±3.4 and 38.3±4.5
respectively; p=0.00). At the same time the level of post-intervention anxiety in the control group was significantly higher than the pre-test readings (36.4±3.1 and 37.5±3.8 respectively; p=0.00). Furthermore, there was no significant change in vital signs in both groups (p>0.05).

Conclusion: This study showed that the music administered through headphones to patients during percutaneous coronary intervention does not decrease procedure-related state anxiety and vital signs.