Objectives: Maternal obesity is an important public health problem and it is commonly seen in reproductive-age women. This study aims to determine the effect of maternal obesity on prenatal attachment.
Materials and methods: The current study conducted as descriptive and cross-sectional included a total of 400 pregnant women who were in the last trimester of their pregnancy. The data were collected between November 14th, 2016 and January 23rd, 2017 from the pregnant women who applied to a gynecological and pediatric hospital in Konya, Turkey. Questionnaire form containing the socio-demographic and obstetric features of the pregnant women, and Prenatal Attachment Inventory were used as data collection tools. Average, standard deviation, percentage, one-way ANOVA, and independent sample t test were used in the statistical analyses.
Results: Average age of the pregnant women participating in the study was 28.41±6.23. Of the pregnant women, 63.3% had primary school and lower degrees, 83% of them did not work, and 76% of them wanted pregnancies. The Body Mass Index average of the pregnant women was 28.14±3.63, and their Prenatal Attachment Inventory averages core was 61.24±0.49. The Prenatal Attachment Inventory averages core of the obese pregnant women was found lower than the pre-obese pregnant women at a significant level (p<0.001).
Conclusion: Maternal obesity is a risk factor for prenatal attachment, and it decreases prenatal attachment level. In the prenatal period, midwives and nurses should be careful about maternal obesity in the pregnant women they care for, and determine the risk factors at early periods, and provide the necessary nutrition training. They should direct them to a specialist if necessary.