Purpose: The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between age and other socio-demographic characteristics, and cognitive functions in older adults living in nursing home.
Study design: A total 111 individuals (60 years and over) were included. Socio-demographic data were recorded. Cognitive functions were evaluated with Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA).
Results: Twenty (18.1%) of the individuals were aged between 60–69 years, 46 (41.4) were aged between 70–79 years, and 45 (40.5%) were aged between 80 years and over. It has been observed that cognitive function decreases with age (p<0.05). There was a positive correlation between MoCA and education level, and age in older adults aged between 60–69 (p<0.05). There was a negative correlation between MoCA and education level and a positive correlation between MoCA and hypertension (p<0.05) in older adults aged 70–70 years old. Also, there was a negative correlation between MoCA and age, and a positive correlation between MoCA and height (p<0.05) in older adults aged 80 years and over.
Conclusion: Advanced age, marital status, education level, height and hypertension affected negatively the cognitive status in older adults. On the other hand, alcohol use, smoking, and body mass index have no effect on the cognitive status in older people.