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2018, Cilt 9, Sayı 1, Sayfa(lar) 033-042
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INVESTIGATION OF THE EFFECT OF CORSET USE ON BALANCE AND MUSCLE ACTIVATION IN STROKE PATIENTS
Hatice Çankaya1, Yeşim Bakar2
1Refika Baysal Toplum Sağlığı Merkezi, Bolu, Türkiye
2Abant İzzet Baysal Üniversitesi, Fizik Tedavi ve Rehabilitasyon Yüksekokulu, Bolu, Türkiye
Keywords: Balance, trunk, stroke, core stability, corset

Purpose: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of corset use on balance and muscle activation in stroke patients.

Methods: Forty-four individuals were included this study, divided randomly in two seperate groups, corset group (n=23) and without corset group (n=21). All patients received a physical therapy programme every workday for 2 weeks. The corset group, in addition to physical therapy, used an elastic lomber corset from getting up till going back to sleep. Static balance values of patients were measured with Tetrax Balance Systems (TBS), dynamic balance was measured with Berg Balance Scale (BBS) and Functional Forward Reach Test (FRT) and Transversus abdominus muscle strength was assessed with stabilizer device (Pressure Biofeedback Unit). The evaluations were made 3 times; before treatment, middle of treatment, and 1 and 2 weeks after treatment.

Results: There was significant difference in favor of corset group for FRT, BBS and Tetrax WDI (Weight Distribution Index) after 2 weeks’ usage of corset (p<0.05). There was no significant difference for Tetrax FHI, F7-F8 scores and stabilizer scores between pretreatment, 1 week and 2 weeks after treatment (p>0.05).

Conclusion: We believe that short-term use of corsets in stroke patients may be added to the conventional physiotherapy program in stroke rehabilitation because it does not restrict trunk movements, is a constant reminder for trunk muscles, and increases awareness.