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2017, Cilt 8, Sayı 4, Sayfa(lar) 232-240
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EFFECT OF POSTPARTUM DEPRESSION ON MATERNAL ATTACHMENT
Seyhan Çankaya1, Sema Dereli Yılmaz1, Ruveyde Can1, Neslihan Değerli Kodaz2
1Selçuk Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Fakültesi, Ebelik, Konya, Türkiye
2Milli Eğitim Müdürlüğü, Hemşirelik, Konya, Türkiye
Keywords: Maternal attachment, postpartum depression, depression, maternal attachment inventory

Objective: This study was conducted as a definitive study, in order to analyze the effect of the depression experienced by mothers in postpartum period, on maternal attachment.

Material and Methods: The study was conducted with 227 volunteer mothers all from six different family health centers located in the Konya city center who agreed to participate in the study, and whose pregnancies were between 4 and 6 months. For the data collection; a questionnaire form was used to investigate the mothers’ socio-demographic and obstetric characteristics, and characteristics of infants by evaluating Maternal Attachment Inventory (MAI) and Edinburgh Postpartum Depression Scale (EPDS). The data were analyzed with SPSS software.

Results: The MAI total scores of the mothers who had vaginal delivery, had planned pregnancies, had a child or children over two years old, who breastfed their children, who had good relationships with their spouses, whose spouses took active rolls in baby care, had friends to talk to in case they had problems, were all high. However, their EPDS score averages were low and the difference between the two scores was found statistically significant (p<0.05). The mean of the Maternal Attachment Inventory scores of the mothers was 94.3±9.2, and mean of the EPDS scores was 9.7±5.6.

Conclusion: In conclusion, postpartum depression affects maternal attachment unfavorably. Health care personnel working during the first phases of mother-baby bonding should especially be aware of the factors which may affect mother-baby attachment, and as a first priority tackle the mothers’ care needs in the postpartum period. They should make the mothers’ adaptation to the role of motherhood easy and help to reduce the problems in the postpartum period.