Acıbadem Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi 2020 , Vol 11, Issue 4
Malnutrition Prevalence and Consistency of Malnutrition Screening Tools and Anthropometric Measures Among Adult Cancer Patients In a Private Hospital: a Cross-Sectional Study
Nur Ecem Baydı Ozman1,Binnur Okan Bakır2
1Acibadem Kozyatagi Hospital, Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Istanbul, Turkey
2Yeditepe University, Nutrition and Dietetics, Istanbul, Turkey
DOI : 10.31067/0.2020.317 Objectives: Malnutrition is a common complication seen among cancer patients and may affect morbidity and mortality. Thus, evaluation of nutritional status and screening for malnutrition is crucial both for prevention and intervention. In this crosssectional study, we aimed to evaluate malnutrition prevalence and compare two malnutrition screening tools and anthropometric measures among adult cancer patients.

Material and Method: The study was conducted in a private hospital with 59 patients between 7th of January and 7th of April in 2016. Nutritional screening and assessment tools and measurements were applied 48 hours after the patient was admitted to the hospital. We used two tools for detecting malnutrition which are Nutritional Risk Screening-2002 (NRS-2002) and Subjective Global Assessment (SGA). Anthropometric measurements were body mass index (BMI), triceps skinfold thickness (TST), and midupper arm circumference (MUAC).

Results: According to NRS-2002 results, 41% of the patients were under nutritional risk and SGA results were consistent regarding malnutrition screening (p<0.05). SGA results showed that 15% of the patients were moderately malnourished and 26% of the patients had severe malnutrition. A significant relationship between tools and anthropometry was only found between TST and SGA (p<0.05).

Conclusion: Malnutrition prevalence among oncology patients seems to be significant and screening is important for prevention and intervention. Both NRS-2002 and SGA tools are useful and consistent for screening malnutrition. Keywords : Malnutrition, cancer, NRS-2002, SGA