Acıbadem Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi 2020 , Vol 11, Issue 2
Determination of Compassion Levels and Empathic Tendency of Nursing Students
Afitap Özdelikara1,Serpil Babur2
1Ondokuz Mayıs Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Fakültesi, İç Hastalıkları Hemşireliği Anabilim Dalı, Samsun, Türkiye
2Ondokuz Mayıs Üniversitesi Sağlık Uygulama ve Araştırma Hastanesi, Dahiliye Yoğun Bakım Ünitesi, Samsun, Türkiye
DOI : 10.31067/0.2020.271 Objectives: The aim of this descriptive type of study was (OR: This descriptive type of study aimed) to determine the levels of compassion and the empathic tendency of nursing students.

Study Design: The study sample consisted of students of the Nursing Department of Health Sciences Faculty at Ondokuz Mayıs University. The data were collected from April 1 to June 1, 2017, with a 12-question questionnaire, the Compassion Scale and the Empathic Tendency Scale. Analysis of the data was (OR: Data analysis was) used in the mean, percentage calculations, Mann- Whitney U test, Kruskal-Wallis test and correlation analysis.

Results: The average age of students is 20.39±1.87, 29.5% of students are in first grade, and 79.6% of them are females and 64.1% of students live the compassion tiredness on average, 49.1% of students" empathetic tendency is at the average level. Students" point average of compassion scale is 72.79±10.02, empathetic tendency average point is determined as 68.34±8.21. Compassion fatigue scale total score was not statistically different compared to the questioned variables, but it was determined that the total score of the empathic tendency scale was affected by the patient"s suffering (p<0.05). A positive correlation was found between the total score of the Compassion Scale and the total score of the empathic tendency scale.

Conclusions: Students" compassion scale"s and empathetic tendency scale"s point average is middle-level. Developing compassion and empathic tendency in the students, it can be suggested that the students are equipped with the negative effects of compassion fatigue and emotional transmission. Keywords : Compassion, empathy, compassion fatigue, nursing