Acıbadem Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi 2020 , Vol 11, Issue 2
Difficulties Experienced By Nursing Students In The Development of Nursing Care Plans: Root Cause Analysis
Neriman Akansel1,Aylin Palloş1
1Uludağ Üniveristesi Sağlık Bilimleri Fakültesi, Hemşirelik, Bursa, Türkiye DOI : 10.31067/0.2020.265 Aim: The aim of this study was to determine the difficulties experienced by nursing students when developing nursing care plans.

Methods: This descriptive study was conducted with 52 second-year nursing students who enrolled in the Nursing Process Course in the 2015?2016 fall term. Data were collected using a fishbone diagram. Nursing students were asked to place difficulties they experience when developing nursing care plans on the fishbone diagram under four headings (people, methods, materials and environment) as a term project. Data were analysed by using SPSS 20.00 and results were given in numbers and percentages.

Results: In this study, it was determined that nursing students experienced difficulties related to people, methods, materials and environment in forming the patient care plans. It was found that knowledge deficiency of students (58.18%), difficulty in communicating with the patients (47.27%), patients" reluctance to share information (44.2%), high expectations of the faculty members (12.73%), attitudes of the clinic nurses (29.09%) were the most important difficulties under the "people" heading. Not being able to use analytical thinking (29.09%) and insufficient time management (27.27%) were the most important difficulties experienced by students and classified under the "methods" heading. The length and extensivity of the data collection forms used in clinical settings by student nurses (23.63%) was the most important difficulty under the "materials" heading. Not being able to see effective use of nursing care plans in a clinical environment (49.09%) was the most important difficulty which was classified under the "environment" heading.

Conclusion: Although there are several areas that nursing students experience difficulties in when developing nursing care plans. Arrangements should be done to facilitate efficient use of nursing care plans in clinical practice and ensure nursing students to learn developing nursing care plans easily. Keywords : Nursing process, nursing students, nursing care plans, root cause analysis