Acıbadem Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi 2020 , Vol 11, Issue 1
The Effect of Education Type and Gender On Night Eating Syndrome In University Students
Tuba Tekin1,Neslihan Öner2
1Sivas Cumhuriyet Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Fakültesi, Beslenme ve Diyetetik Bölümü, Sivas, Türkiye
2Erciyes Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Fakültesi Beslenme ve Diyetetik Bölümü, Kayseri, Türkiye
DOI : 10.31067/0.2020.252 Objective: This study was planned/aimed to determine the effect of education type and gender on night eating syndrome (NES) in Erciyes University students.

The work plan/Materials and methods: Data were collected between December 2017 and March 2018 using Night Eating Questionnaire (NEQ) and a general questionnaire. The sample size was calculated with a systematic sampling method. The study was approved by the Committee of Social and Human Sciences of Erciyes University (28/11/2017-59). The study did not include Medicine and Health Sciences that may affect the outcome of the study. Normality was evaluated with the Shapiro-Wilk test. Quantitative data were presented as arithmetic mean (x¯), standard deviation (± SS), qualitative data were represented as a number (n) and percentage (%). The student t-test was used to compare quantitative variables of the groups, and the Chi-square test was used to compare qualitative variables.

Results: A total of 1024 students were included in the study. 54.3% of the students were male and 45.7% were female while 60.4% were daytime education and 39.6% were evening education. While the prevalence of smoking was 32%, the prevalence of alcohol consumption was 19.3%. It was found that NES was seen in 66% of the students and the total score of the Night Eating Questionnaire was 26.41±4.42. No significant relation was found between gender or education type and presence of NES. Similarly, there was no significant relation between age, weight, height, and body mass index (BMI) and presence of NES. The prevalence of NES was significantly higher in smokers than non-smokers (p=0.009). However, there was no significant relation between alcohol using and the prevalence of NES.

Conclusion: The frequency of night eating syndrome among university students was found to be quite high. For this reason, the frequency of eating disorders such as night eating syndrome should be determined among university students and necessary precautions should be taken. Keywords : Nutrition, university students, eating disorder, night eating syndrome