Acıbadem Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi 2020 , Vol 11, Issue 1
Relationship Between Body Mass Index and Obesity Awareness of University Students
İlknur Özkan1,Derya Adıbelli1,Emine İlaslan1,Seçil Taylan1
1Akdeniz Üniversitesi Kumluca Sağlık Bilimleri Fakültesi, Hemşirelik Bölümü, Antalya, Türkiye DOI : 10.31067/0.2020.249 Objective: This research was planned with the aim of assessing the relationship between awareness about obesity and Body Mass Index (BMI) of students who study in Kumluca.

Materials and Methods: 176 students who study at Akdeniz University, Kumluca Vocational School, in the 2017?2018 academic year and accept to participate in the study without doing sample selection in this cross-sectional type of research were included in the study. In data collection, Obesity Awareness Scale (OAS) and socio-demographic form developed by researchers were used. In addition to descriptive statistics in data analysis, Mann Whitney-U, Kruskal-Wallis analysis of variance and Spearman"s Rank correlation were used.

Results: Age average of the students was found as 20.25±2.69 year and 58% of them are male in the research. It was confirmed that 35.2% of the students smoke and 34.7% of them use alcohol. 60.2% of the students stated that they don"t do physical activity and 46% of them don"t eat their meals regularly. While 40.3% of the students were assessed as overweight, 11.4% of them were assessed as obese. When scores of the students in OAS and sub-dimensions of it were examined, it was found that students took 26.55±6.59 from obesity awareness sub-dimension, 18.2±4.37 from nutrition sub-dimension and 14.7±3.60 from physical activity sub-dimension. When the relationship between BMI value and OAS total and sub-dimension scores of the students was examined, a relation that is negative but not significant was determined.

Conclusion: In our study, university students" awareness about obesity was lower than other studies and overweight and obesity prevalence among them was confirmed as high. University years are an important opportunity for developing healthy lifestyle behaviours. University students should be encouraged to prevent/avoid risky behaviors such as unhealthy diet and sedentary habits and education, which will increase awareness about obesity, should be planned regularly. Keywords : University, students, obesity, awareness, body mass index