Acıbadem Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi 2020 , Vol 11, Issue 1
Assessment of The Relationship Between Emergency Service Admissions Due To Primary Headache and Meteorological Parameters
Hatice Şeyma Akça1,Sümeyra Acar Kurtuluş1,İbrahim Altunok1,Can Özen1,Serkan Emre Eroğlu1
1Istanbul University of Health Scienses Ümraniye Education and Research Hospital,Emergency Department, Istanbul, Turkey DOI : 10.31067/0.2020.244 Aim: In this study, it was aimed to analyze the relationship between the patients presenting with a headache to the emergency service and the partial meteorological events at the submission date and sub-parameters of these events.

Materials and Methods: In this retrospective study, patients aged 18 years and over without trauma and SVD(Small vessel disease) who were admitted with a primary headache to the emergency service were investigated. The demographical data and the meteorological parameters were analyzed with SPSS v16 (SPSS Inc, Chicago, IL) program. For the normal distribution fitness of the parameters, Kolmogorov-Smirnov and Shapiro-Wilk tests were used, while for other analyzes, square, t-test, one way ANOVA and Tukey tests were used. 95% confidence interval and p <0.05 values were accepted for statistical significance.

Results: A total of 6451 cases were identified according to the study inclusion criteria. The number of males was 2134 (33.1%) and the number of females was 4317 (66.9%). it was determined that the data of our study did not fit the normal distribution. The median age was 37 (IQR 18-94). The median age of the male patients was 37 (IQR 28 - 48) while the median age was 40 (IQR 31 - 50) in female patients. The admission rates of the men who exposed to the Lodos wind were 36,26%, while the admission rates of the women were 63,74% (n=432). In our partial correlation analysis, it was determined that the Lodos condition correlated with age and gender variables in terms of risk of developing a headache. However, no statistically significant correlation was found between wind speed, humidity level and temperature with age.

Conclusion: Our study showed that gender and age are not important in terms of risk of developing a headache, which varies according to humidity, temperature and wind speed. Therefore we suggest that gender discrimination can not be attained in various branches of business according to these parameters. Keywords : Lodos wind, temperature, headache