Acıbadem Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi 2019 , Vol 10, Issue 3
Determining The Problems Experienced By The Elderly At Home After (Following) Surgical Interventions
Ahmet Dinçer1,Şerife Kurşun2
1Osmangazi Üniversitesi, Sağlık Bilimleri Fakültesi, Hemşirelik Bölümü, Eskişehir, Türkiye
2Selçuk Üniversitesi, Sağlık Bilimleri Fakültesi, Hemşirelik Bölümü, Konya, Türkiye
DOI : 10.31067/0.2019.184 Objective: The study was conducted as a descriptive study to determine the problems experienced by individuals aged 65 years and older at home after surgical interventions and to evaluate the relationship between socio-demographic characteristics and problematic status.

Materials and Methods: The research was carried out between March and July 2016 in the surgical clinics of a university hospital in the city of Konya. The sample of the study consisted of 227 individuals aged 65 years and older who underwent surgical interventions in these surgical clinics. A questionnaire developed by the researcher was used for collecting the data. In the first meeting, the data were collected by the researcher face to face in patients" rooms and in the second meeting, they were collected face to face in the polyclinics a week after the discharge and the data of the patients who were not seen were collected over the phone. In the analysis of the data, mean, standard deviation, median, frequency and ratio, Mann Whitney U test and Pearson Chi-square test (Yates Continuity Correction, Fisher"s Exact test and Fisher Freeman Halton) were used.

Findings: It was determined that 74,4%of the elderly individuals had problems at home after discharge. When these types of problems experienced at home after surgery were examined, it was found that most of them were related to the surgery area (64.3%) followed by self-care activity (52.9%). Statistically significant differences were found in relation to the gender who is responsible for the domiciliary care, previous periods while the patient stayed at the hospital , the surgery hospital where the patient stayed, the status of staying at the hospital after the surgery , length of and the total hospital stays in addition to the situation of living problems at home (p<0,01).

Conclusions: It was determined that elderly individuals had problems mostly related to surgical interventions and self-care at home after surgical interventions. In this direction, it is necessary to make individualized training in accordance with the needs and characteristics of the elderly individuals in nursing practice and to follow and control the problems experienced at home after the surgical intervention. Keywords : Surgical intervention, home care, elderly