Acıbadem Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi 2019 , Vol 10, Issue 3
The Validity and Reliability of The Turkish Version of Back Pain and Body Posture Evaluation Instrument (Backpei)
Dercan Gençbaş1,Hatice Bebiş2
1Atılım Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Fakültesi, Hemşirelik Bölümü, Ankara, Türkiye
2Yakın Doğu Üniversitesi, Sağlık Bilimleri Fakültesi, Lefkoşa, Kuzey Kıbrıs TC
DOI : 10.31067/0.2019.175 Purpose: Qualitative data tools are rarely used? to measure adolescents" body posture problems such as back pain. In this context, evaluation of adaptation of the Turkish version of BackPEI which was developed in Portugal is intended in this study.

Methods: This study was planned as a methodological one. The sample of the study consisted of 139 students. For validity in the scale, adaptation was carried out with language, scope, structure and criterion validity; for reliability in the scale, adaptation was carried out with? stability analysis according to time. Ethics Committee Confirmation and corporate permission has been received.

Results: The Content Validity Index obtained with expert opinions after translating the tool to Turkish and it was found to be as high as 90.8. Criterion validity "Visual Analogue Scale (VAS)" was used. Spearman"s correlation coefficient between BackPEI and VAS score was r=-.684 (p=.000). To test its reproducibility, the final version of the BackPEI was applied to 91 schoolchildren on two distinct occasions (test and re-test), separated by a 2-week interval. According to the kappa coefficient for questions 1?20 in the questionnaire, 3 were classified as "moderately fit", 15 as "good"and 3?? as "very good". The difference between the test-retest was not statistically significant (Z = -.127. p =.899).

Conclusions: Finally, it can be concluded that the BackPEI constitutes a valid and reproducible instrument for Turkish adolescents. Keywords : Adolescent, pain; posture, health, nurses