Acıbadem Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi 2019 , Vol 10, Issue 2
Nursing and Midwifery Students" Opinions About Their Roles In Genetic Counseling
Sevil Özkan1,Fatma Taş Arslan1
1Selçuk Üniversitesi Hemşirelik Fakültesi, Hemşirelik Bölümü, Çocuk Sağlığı ve Hastalıkları Hemşireliği Anabilim Dalı, Konya, Türkiye DOI : 10.31067/0.2019.145 Aim: To identify nursing and midwifery students" opinions about their roles in genetic counseling.

Materials and Methods: This descriptive study was carried out between March-April 2013 with total of 130 final year nursing and midwifery students in a health sciences faculty. Data were collected through a seven-item questionnaire which was developed according to literature. The first four questions of the questionnaire were aimed to determine socio-demographic and educational characteristics of the students (age, gender, department, genetics, adequate education). The other three questions were related to professional roles and responsibilities of the genetic counseling process with the social effects of genetic diseases. Data were analysed via a computer and the mean. Numbers and percentages were used in the analysis.

Results: The majority of students reported that education about genetics was not sufficient. Students mostly stated nurses" roles in genetic counselling as "preparing the patientfor the genetic test", "taking the patient"s medical history", "counselling the patient and his/her family members before the genetic tests", and "supporting the family psychologically". Most frequently stated genetic roles for midwives were "supporting the family psychologically", "dealing with the social effects of genetic testing and counseling", "counseling the patient and his/her family members during genetic tests" and "drawing pedigree". "Specialization in the field of genetics", "dealing with genetic test results" and "conducting research on genetic testing and counseling procedures" were mentioned sparsely as roles in genetic counseling for both professions.

Conclusion: The contents of genetic counseling related to education should be developed according to the occupational roles and responsibilities. Furthermore, the current practices should be taught to the students in this process. Keywords : Midwife, genetic counseling, nurse