Acıbadem Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi 2019 , Vol 10, Issue 2
Undergraduate Nursing Students" Attitudes Towards Patients With Mental Disorders and Related Factors
Gizem Şahin1,Murat Amancalı2,Safiye Ayşenur Sayın2,Atakan Yakar2,Sevim Buzlu1
1İstanbul Üniversitesi - Cerrahpaşa Florence Nightingale Hemşirelik Fakültesi, Ruh Sağlığı ve Psikiyatri Hemşireliği Anabilim Dalı, İstanbul, Türkiye
2Acıbadem Üniversitesi, Sağlık Bilimleri Fakültesi, Hemşirelik Bölümü, İstanbul, Türkiye
DOI : 10.31067/0.2019.144 Objective: This study was designed as a descriptive study to determine the attitudes of nursing students towards individuals who have mental disorders and the factors related to these attitudes.

Study Design: The universe of this study consisted of 233 students who continued their nursing education at a foundation university and the sample of this study consisted of 214 students who accepted to participate in the study. The data of the study were collected using the "Personal Information Form" and "The Community Attitudes Toward the Mentally Ill (CAMI)" between January, 19 and February, 22 2016, after the permissions of the ethical committee and the institution.

Results: According to the results of the study; the mean score of "Benevolence" subscale of nursing students in the second class, who didn"t take a Psychiatric Nursing course and who didn"t have (or didn"t encounter) any individuals (or patients) with mental disorders around them were found statistically and significantly higher than those from other classes (p=0.001; p=0.036; p=0.005). It was determined that students who previously had completed an academic program had statistically and significantly a higher mean of "Social Restrictiveness" subscale than the others (p=0.03). The means of "Community Mental Health Ideology" subscale (p=0.003) and "Benevolence" subscale (p = 0.007) of students who did not (see/visit a) psychiatrist or (a) psychologist due to any psychological complaints were found statistically and significantly higher than the others. Moreover, "Community Mental Health Ideology" subscale (p=0.042) and " Benevolence" subscale (p = 0.028) of students who did not have any family members who took psychiatric treatment or physical examination were found to be statistically and significantly higher than the others.

Conclusion: As a result of this study, it was found that theoretical and practical education were not effective enough in changing the attitudes of the students. In this direction, it is recommended to plan activities for vulnerable groups and psychosocial problems such as stigmatization, discrimination and social exclusion in the nursing education curriculum. Keywords : attitude toward mental disorder, mental disorder, mental health and psychiatric nursing course, nursing students