Acıbadem Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi 2010 , Vol 1, Issue 4
Problem Solving Skills of The Nursing Students: Results of The 1-Year Observation Problem Solving Skills of The Students
Nermin Olgun1, Zehra Kan Öntürk1, Ükke Karabacak1, Fatma Eti Aslan1, Şehriban Serbest2
1Acıbadem Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi, Sağlık Bilimleri Fakültesi, Hemşirelik Bölümü, İstanbul, Türkiye
2Acıbadem Sağlık Grubu, Hemşirelik Eğitim ve Gelişim Müdürü, İstanbul, Türkiye
Aim: The research was planned as a descriptive and cohort study, to determine and monitor the development of the problem-solving skill levels of students enrolled to a nursing program. Determining the problem-solving skill levels of students is one of the targets of the program.

Materials and Methods: Research group is composed of the 1st year students (N=100) enrolled to the nursing program of a foundation university in Istanbul. After taking written consent, data were collected by face to face interviews during the first week of the academic year, last week of the first term and last week of the second term. Personal information form and “Problem- Solving Inventory (PSI)” were used as means of data collection. Data were analyzed by number and percentage average, arithmetic mean, “t” test, and correlation analysis. PSI Cronbach alpha coefficient was found 0.83.

Results: It was determined that 10% of the students are male, between the age group of 18–24; that students coming out of the town were 59% and that 60% of those were living at houses. Problem-solving skill score mean was found 81.05+15.53 (min.49-max.125) at the first application; 81.93+15.55 (min.51- max.127) at the second application; 76.82+20.02 (min.39-max.129) at the third application. Statistically significant difference was observed between the 2nd and 3rd applications (p<0.05). When problem-solving sub-dimensions were compared, positive significant difference was determined in “Problem Solving Confidence (PSC)” sub-dimension (t=3.47; p=0.001). Problem-solving skills of students staying at dormitories were found to be better. In addition, it was found that problem-solving skills of students with high grades were better for “Approach-Avoidance” and “Self Control” sub-dimensions.

Conclusion: It was shown that problem-solving skills of students are at the average level. The fact that students are at the first year may have affected this result. Nevertheless, it is suggested that studies oriented to develop problemsolving knowledge and skills should be increased at the study program. Keywords : nursing, student, problem solving skills, success