Acıbadem Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi 2016 , Vol 7, Issue 2
The Effect of Educat Ion On Mouth and Denta L Health of The Elderly At a Rest Home
Saime Erol1, Fatma Nevin Şişman1, Ayşe Sezer1, İlknur Şentürk2, Münevver Aydın3
1Marmara Üniversitesi Hemşirelik Bölümü Halk Sağlığı Hemşireliği Anabilim Dalı, İstanbul, Türkiye
2Kanuni Sultan Süleyman EğitimAraştırma Hastanesi, İstanbul, Türkiye
3Okmeydanı Eğitim Araştırma Hastanesi, İstanbul, Türkiye
Purpose: This study was conducted to determine the effect of education on the mouth and dental health of elderly individuals living in a rest home.

Patients and Methods: The study was carried out at a rest home operating under the auspices of the Ministry of Family and Social Policies in Istanbul over the period February-May 2013, using pre-/post-tests and a single-group semi-experimental research design. The subjects for the research were 40 elderly individuals. A questionnaire with 40 questions on demographics and mouth and dental health was used as a data collection instrument, as well as the Geriatric Oral Health Assessment Index (GOHAI). The elderly were divided into groups of 6-8 and given education on mouth and dental health. The post-tests were administered eight weeks after the education was completed.

Results: Of the elderly individuals, whose mean age was 76.90±6.49, 60% were men. Fifty percent did not have any teeth, 77.5% had dental prostheses and 35% had sores in their mouths. The scores the individuals received in the GOHAI were found to have increased significantly after the education (Z=2.96; p=0.003). A lesser number of mouth sores were seen in the elderly after the education. All of the individuals who had not been brushing their teeth/prostheses prior to the education started the habit afterwards.

Conclusion: The education given to the elderly resulted in an increase in their scores on The Geriatric Oral Health Assessment Index, an increase in brushing their teeth/prostheses, a decrease in a number of mouth sores. Keywords : elderly, mouth health, education, GOHAI