Acıbadem Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi 2015 , Vol 6, Issue 2
The Effect of Health Programs On The Development of Att Itudes and Beliefs In Obesity
Gülcan Kahraman, Türker Baş, Mahmut Akbolat
Sakarya University, Sağlık Yönetimi, Sakarya, Türkiye Purpose: It is intended to measure the impact of television programs related to health for individuals, who suffer from overweight and obesity, in developing attitudes and beliefs towards obesity. In the study, it is also examined whether socio-demographic characteristics of individuals, that have problem with obesity, is effective in performing preventive health behaviors or not.

Patients and Methods: Survey was being carried out on overweight and obese individuals, who admitted to health facilities operating in the province of Sakarya. In the study, Obesity Health Belief Model Scale, developed by Dedeli ve Fadıloğlu (2011) was used. Six questions about televised health programs was asked. The process of data collection, that was started in January of 2014, was terminated in March of 2014. Quantitative analysis of the data was evaluated by the frequency analysis, difference analysis, correlation analysis and regression analysis. The results were evaluated in the 95% confidence intervals, p<0,05 significance level.

Results: Exclude marital status and sex, all socio-demographic characteristics and development in attitutes and beliefs towards obesity have significant difference. It is found that there is significant but weak relationship between sub-dimensions of scale. Also, it is found that health programmes have weak impact on development in attitutes and beliefs towards obesity.

Conclusion: It can be said that more realistic policies can be created in the fight against obesity by determining what overweight and obese individuals perceives as threats, what they see as obstacles and what they think as benefit in the development of attitutes and beliefs towards obesity. Also, it is thought that publication of product or service advertised content can be effective in weak impact of television programs in the development of attitudes and beliefs towards obesity. Keywords : obesity, health belief model, health programs