Acıbadem Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi 2013 , Vol 4, Issue 4
Bacterial Infection Agents In Cancer Patients
Utku Dilli Dönem1, Mustafa Yıldırım2, Nilgün Gür3, Yeşim Çekin3, Sevil Göktaş1, Yasin Şahintürk4, Mustafa Yıldız1
1Antalya Eğitim ve Araştırma Hastanesi, Tıbbi Onkoloji, Antalya, Türkiye
2Batman Bölge Devlet Hastanesi, Tıbbi Onkoloji, Batman, Türkiye
3Antalya Eğitim ve Araştırma Hastanesi, Tıbbi Onkoloji, Antalya, Türkiye
4Antalya Eğitim ve Araştırma Hastanesi, İç Hastalıkları, Antalya, Türkiye
Objective: In this study, the bacterial culture results of specimens obtained from hospitalized patients at the Medical Oncology Services of Antalya Education and Research Hospital during one year period were analyzed for the determination of the distribution of cultured bacterial species.

Material and Method: In our study, culture results and the species of bacteria cultured from blood, urine, wound swab, suputum and stool, stool samples taken from the patients during the presence of fever and/or for the suspicion of infection presence were analyzed retrospectively.

Results: Growth was observed in 77 samples in total. Among these samples, 38 were blood cultures (9.4%), 21 were urine cultures (27.3%), 9 were abscess cultures (11.7 %), 7 were sputum cultures (9.1%), 2 were stool cultures (2.6%). Among blood samples, coagulase negative staphylococcus was the most frequently seen species with a frequency of 34.2% and the second most frequent species encountered was E.coli being 31.6% . In urine cultures, E.coli was the most frequently isolated species (76.2%). In abscess cultures, S. aureus, E.coli, coagulase negative staphylococcus were detected in equal amounts. In sputum cultures, E.coli and E.faecalis were most frequently detected.

Conclusion: Bacterial infections were widely observed in patients with suppressed immune systems. We think that knowing the frequency of bacterial species grown in culture of specimens obtained from these patients may be an important factor for the success of the empirical treatment. Keywords : cancer, infection, bacteria culture