Acıbadem Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi 2013 , Vol 4, Issue 2
Assessment of Health Status of The Elderly
Nermin Olgun1, Fatma Eti Aslan1, Nurullah Yücel2, Zehra Kan Öntürk1, Zeynep Laçin2
1Acıbadem Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Fakültesi, Hemşirelik Bölümü, İstanbul, Türkiye
2İstanbul Büyükşehir Belediyesi Sağlık ve Sosyal Hizmetler Daire Başkanlığı İstanbul Darülaceze Müdürlüğü, Hemşirelik, İstanbul, Türkiye
Background: General population is aging all around the world and Turkey. The health care requirements of the aged people are increasing. Therefore, the health assessment of aged people is very important for the determination of their care needs.

Objectives: Study was carried out to assess the health status of the aged. Methods: This research was a descriptive study performed in December 2010. A total of 212 aged people, who did not have communication problems, independent or semi-independent and over 65 years old were evaluated. “Aged Assessment Form”, specially designed by the researches was used for assessment of aged people's health status. It contains sociodemographic characteristics and the findings of both physical qualification and physical examination of the elderly. The vital signs and body mass index index of the aged were calculated. Also head-to-toe examination and body systems examination were done.

Results: It was determined that the people included in the assessment were between the ages 65-95 and that 55.7% of them were male, 10.8% had allergies, 42.5% had intestinal disorders, and 26.4% had sleeping problems. Other results showed that 63.2% of the older people had experienced at least one surgical operation, 61.8% of them suffered from chronic diseases, and 50.9% had pain complaints; therefore %84.9 were on constant medication. It was determined that 58.5% of the older people met their physical needs on their own, 80.7% had a clear and fluent speech, and 72.6% used a walking stick or a wheelchair. Their systems indicated that they mostly suffered from edema, fatigue, tachycardia, cough, dyspnea, expectorating, headache, drowsiness and urinary incontinence.

Conclusions: Because of the determination of the health problems. Due to their health status being determined by intervention, observation and physical examination, the effectiveness of the nurses is important. Keywords : aged, assessment, nurse, health status