Acıbadem Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi 2012 , Vol 3, Issue 2
Risk of Depression In Hospitalized Elderly Patients At a University Hospital and The Effects of Some Socio Demographic Characteristics
Birsen Altay1, Gonca Üstün2
1Ondokuz Mayıs Üniversitesi, Sağlık Yüksek Okulu, Samsun, Türkiye
2Ondokuz Mayıs Üniversitesi, Tıp Fakültesi Hastanesi , Samsun, Türkiye
Objective: This research has been carried out to determine, the risk of depression and the effects of some socio- demographic characteristics in elderly inpatients

Materials & Methods: A cross-sectional study was performed in medical faculty hospital at the Ondokuz Mayıs University in Samsun between 01 March-30 April 2008. The sample consisted of 154 elderly patients. Datas was collected by use of questionnaire investigating socio-demographical attributes of the elderly and Geriatric Depression scale. Face to face interviewing technique was used. The percentage distribution, Chi-Square analysis have been used for evaluating the data.

Results: The mean age of elderly individuals was 69.68±6.81. They were 39.6 % male, and 60.4 % female. In this study, older patients who resided in the hospital were surveyed for depression risk with the Geriatric Depression Scale form (GDS). The mean score was 13.46 ± 6.87 and 25.7% of male and 74.3% of female had depression risk. Age, gender, level of education, number of children were associated with the risk of depression in elderly (p<0.05). Visitors coming to state, health perception, aging perspective and to take information about their illnesses affected the risk of depression in the elderly (P<0.05).

Conclusion: According to GDS score, 45.5 % of elderly patient in a hospital had risk of depression. It is possible to decrease depression risk inpatients by giving information about their illnesses and to improve psychologic counselling services at the hospital. Keywords : elderly health, depression, geriatric depression scale