Acıbadem Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi 2019 , Vol 10, Issue 4
The Determination of The Relationship Between Levels of Depression, Anxiety, Sleepiness and Sleep Quality In Smoking Addicts
Tuna Rujnan1,Burcu Çaykara2,Zuhal Sağlam3,Halime Hanım Pençe4
1İstanbul Medeniyet Üniversitesi, Sağlık Bilimleri Fakültesi, Sağlık Yönetimi, İstanbul, Türkiye
2İstanbul Medeniyet Üniversitesi, Tıp Fakültesi, Fizyoloji, İstanbul, Türkiye
3İstanbul Medeniyet Üniversitesi, Tıp Fakültesi, Dahili Tıp, İstanbul, Türkiye
4Sağlık Bilimleri Üniversitesi, Tıp Fakültesi, Tıbbi Biyokimya, İstanbul, Türkiye
DOI : 10.31067/0.2019.212 Objectives: The study was conducted to determine the levels of anxiety, depression, sleepiness and sleep quality in smoking addicts, to identify the socio-demographic characteristics that make a meaningful difference, and to reveal the relationship between smoking addiction and anxiety, depression, sleepiness and sleep quality.

Methods: The study was conducted with 109 addicts who applied to a smoking cessation unit in a state hospital in Istanbul between 01.05.2017-01.11.2017. Data were collected via the Data Form, Fagerström Test for Nicotine Dependence Test, Beck Depression Inventory, Beck Anxiety Inventory, Hamilton Anxiety Scale, Epworth Sleepiness Scale, and Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index. The data were analyzed with the IBM SPSS Statistics 22.0 package program. Descriptive and nonparametric tests and correlation analyzes were used in the analysis of the data.

Results: The sample consisted of 78.9% male and 21.1% female. The mean age of the sample was 37.10±11.32, the average number of cigarettes consumed per day was 22.74±11.81 and the duration of smoking was 19.84±11.59 years. It has been determined that smoking addicts have minor and mild anxiety, mild depression, moderate addiction, normal sleepiness and poor sleep quality. Also, age and gender were statistically significant to the smoking effect (p<0.05). There was a significant correlation between the levels of smoking, depression, addiction, sleepiness, and sleep quality of cigarette addicts (p<0.01).

Conclusion: The reduction of anxiety and depression levels of smoking addicts is clear in the study results; it may be advisable to organize training for sleepiness problems and for improving sleep quality. Keywords : Anxiety, depression, sleep disorder, smoking