Acıbadem Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi 2020 , Vol 11, Issue 2
The Effects of Nutritional Habits On Blood Lipid Levels In Patients With Coronary Artery Disease
Yeşim Yaman Aktaş1,Hacer Gök Uğur2
1Giresun Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Fakültesi, Cerrahi Hastalıkları Hemşireliği Anabilim Dalı, Giresun, Türkiye
2Ordu Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Fakültesi, Halk Sağlığı Hemşireliği Anabilim Dalı, Ordu, Türkiye
DOI : 10.31067/0.2019.201 Aim: This study was conducted to determine the effects of nutritional habits on blood lipid levels in patients with coronary artery disease.

Study Design: This cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted on patients who were treated in a cardiology clinic of a training and research hospital between 1 March and 30 May 2016. The G*Power 3.1.5 package program was used to calculate the sample size. The sample size was 105 patients, with a 95% confidence interval and 80% ability to represent the universe. The data were collected using the questionnaire form prepared by the researchers, containing the demographic characteristics and nutritional habits of the patients. Descriptive statistics and chi-square test were used in the data analysis.

Results: The mean age of the patients was 66.66±10.77 and 58.1% of the patients were male. The mean total cholesterol, LDL cholesterol, HDL cholesterol and triglyceride values of the participants in the study were found as 175.83±42.68, 113.48±30.41, 44.53±17.95, and 139.76±60.93, respectively. There was a statistically significant difference between regular snack consumption and increased triglycerides in the patients (p<0.05). It was found that there was a statistically significant difference between the consumption of milk-dairy products and fruit juice in the patients and increased LDL cholesterol, decreased HDL cholesterol and increased triglyceride levels (p<0.05). Moreover, the difference between fish consumption and decreased HDL cholesterol, and the consumption of acidic beverages and increased triglyceride levels were found to be statistically significant (p<0.05).

Conclusion: In this study, it was found that regular snack consumption, consumption of milk and dairy products, fruit juice, acidic beverages and fish affected blood lipid levels in patients with coronary artery disease. In this context, it can be suggested that to identify individuals at high risk for coronary artery disease and to provide them with healthy lifestyle habits, risk factors can be identified and recommendations can be made to correct those that can be altered. Keywords : coronary artery disease, nutrition, nutritional habits, blood lipid levels