Acıbadem Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi 2020 , Vol 11, Issue 1
The Association of Diet Quality and Eating Behavior With Anthropometric Measurements In University Students
Mevra Aydın Çil1,Zeynep Caferoğlu2,Pelin Bilgiç3
1Atatürk Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Fakültesi, Beslenme ve Diyetetik Bölümü, Erzurum, Türkiye
2Erciyes Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Fakültesi, Beslenme ve Diyetetik Bölümü, Kayseri, Türkiye
3Hacettepe Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Fakültesi, Beslenme ve Diyetetik Bölümü, Ankara, Türkiye
DOI : 10.31067/0.2019.198 Objectives: This study was conducted to determine the association between diet quality and eating behavior and anthropometric measurements in young adult university students.

Study Design: Volunteer university students aged 18?24 years were recruited into the study. A five-part questionnaire was applied to the participants. Socio-demographic characteristics were asked in the first part, and the Dutch Eating Behavior Questionnaire (DEBQ) was applied in the second part. In the third and fourth part, 24-hour food consumption and physical activity recalls were recorded. Healthy eating index (HEI) scores were calculated on the basis of daily dietary intake records in order to determine diet quality of the participants. In the last part, various anthropometric measurements of the participants were measured by the researchers.

Results: A total of 198 students participated in the study. The 13.1% of participants were defined as overweight or obese, and 68.2% (n=135) were with poor diet quality according to the HEI score. While there was no relationship between the HEI and anthropometric measurements, it has been shown that the scores of DEBQ significantly affected the anthropometric measurements. In multiple linear regression models, when adjusted for potential confounding factors such as age, gender, daily energy intake and physical activity level, DEBQ total score and the emotional eating, restrained eating subscales scores correlated positively with anthropometric measurements (p<0.05). However, no statistically significant association was found between the external eating subscale score and anthropometric measurements (p>0.05).

Conclusion: The results of this study indicate that the emotional and restrained eating behaviors may be a risk factor for obesity in university students who are at risk of developing obesity. Keywords : Young adult, obesity, emotional eating, restrained eating