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Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (Dm) Risk In University Students and Related Factors
Eylem Topbaş
1Amasya Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Fakültesi, Hemşirelik Böülümü, Amasya, Türkiye Aim: This study aims to identify the risk factors for Type 2 diabetes in students of school of health and related factors.

Method: The population of the descriptive cross-sectional study consists of healthy students studying in School of Health (n=406) and the sample which consists of students who volunteered to participate in the study (n=280). The data were collected between March-April 2015by face to face meetings and by using "Personal Information Form" and "Type 2 Diabetes Risk Questionnaire" which is composed/written by researchers by/after reviewing the relevant literature. The data were transferred to the SPSS 20 package program and analysed by using mean, chisquare test, and Kruskal Wallis-H test.

Results: The age of the students was 21±20.96 and 83.6% of them were female. It was detected that 3.2% of the students had cardiac disease, 1.4% had hyperlipidemia, 0.4% had cancer, 3.2% received psychiatric treatment, 15.7% smoke, 5% use alcohol, 5% followed a special diet suggested by their doctors, 2.5% had medium or highDM risk and 27.1% had low DM risk. The factors affecting the Type 2 DM risk with a statistical significance are; a special diet suggested by the doctor, smoking, receiving psychiatric treatment and using alcohol. In those who answered yes to these factors, It can be said that the risk of DM is increased. It was also determined that factors such as age, gender, grade, hyperlipidemia, cardiac disease and cancer did not affect the risk of Type 2 DM.

Conclusion: Factors affecting the development of DM Type 2 are: special diet suggested by the doctor, smoking, receiving psychiatric treatment and using alcohol. Keywords : Type 2 diabetes, risk for diabetes, FIND RISK, university student