Acıbadem Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi 2019 , Vol 10, Issue 3
Knowledge, Opinions and Practices of Pediatric Nurses About Therapeutic Play
Ramazan İnci1,Ulviye Günay2
1Batman Üniversitesi Sağlık Yüksek Okulu Hemşirelik Bölümü, Batman, Türkiye
2İnönü Üniversitesi Hemşirelik Fakültesi, Çocuk Sağlığı ve Hastalıkları Hemşireliği Anabilim Dalı, Malatya, Türkiye
DOI : 10.31067/0.2019.187 Purpose: The study was conducted to determine the knowledge, opinions and practices of pediatric nurses about therapeutic plays.

Patients and Methods: This descriptive study was carried out with 126 nurses working in pediatric clinics in four hospitals in the provinces of Malatya, Diyarbakır and Batman between December 2016 and May 2017. The data were collected using introductory information form for nurses and questionnaires for evaluating nurses" knowledge, opinions and practices about therapeutic plays. Percentiles, frequency, arithmetic mean and standard deviation tests were used in the evaluation of the data.

Results: It was determined that 64.2% of the nurses considered the therapeutic play as a type of game that enables communication between the nurses and children, 83.3% was found to apply therapeutic plays to reduce the anxiety of children in the hospital, 53.1% was found to know how to explain the procedure to the children with medical toys, and 56.1% was found to know the method of letting children draw hospital-related pictures. Of the nurses, 90.2% stated that the children should not be scared in order to ensure their compliance with the procedures in the hospital, and 59.5% was found to apply the therapeutic plays occasionally due to a great number of patients.

Conclusion: It was determined that pediatric nurses have an adequate knowledge about therapeutic play methods, but do not use them sufficiently in practice. Keywords : Therapeutic play, hospitalized child, nurse, opinions and practices