Acıbadem Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi 2019 , Vol 10, Issue 3
A Clinical Simulation Experience On Mental Health and Psychiatric Nursing Students By Using Standardized Patients
Gizem Şahin1,Oya Sağır Koptaş2,Sevim Buzlu1
1İstanbul Üniversitesi - Cerrahpaşa, Florence Nightingale Hemşirelik Fakültesi, Ruh Sağlığı ve Psikiyatri Hemşireliği Anabilim Dalı, İstanbul, Türkiye
2Acıbadem Üniversitesi, CASE, İstanbul, Türkiye
DOI : 10.31067/0.2019.181 Purpose: A clinical simulation was done by using standardized patients in order to ensure that mental health and psychiatric nursing students can assess the mental status examination of patients with mental disorders.

Method: Prior to the simulation, 10-minutes scenarios, which involve the three mental-disorders with the highest probability of encounter in clinical practice, were prepared. The content of the rehearsals done with three professional actors, who acted as standardized patients, was composed of transferring the learning outcomes and the content of the simulation, making adjustments in the scenario text through proofreading, actors" role- playing according to the scenario and evaluation. A clinical simulation was done with 50 third-year nursing students. The simulation was video recorded, and written consents of the participants were obtained.

Results: After implementing the scenarios, the facilitator of each station applied PEARLS (Promoting Excellence and Reflective Learning in Simulation) approach, and, according to the students" statements, it was found that the existence of professional actors in the role of patients has an important influence both on obtaining higher reliability, and on reaching clinical learning outcomes.

Conclusion: In conclusion, it was determined that the simulation was a beneficial method for decreasing students" anxiety before clinical implementations and increasing their self-confidence. In the light of these results, it was recommended that simple and complex versions of simulation implementation should be integrated into the curriculum of mental health and psychiatric nursing. Keywords : Psychiatric nursing, clinical simulation, standardized patients