Acıbadem Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi Online Early
The Association of Bullying With Alexithymia, Metacognition and Associated Mental Health Problems
Mesut Yavuz1,Arzu Önal Sönmez2,Selcan Arslandoğdu3,Yasemin Gamze Aksoy3,Zeynep Yentürk3
1Fransız Lape Hastanesi, Çocuk ve Ergen Ruh Sağlığı ve Hastalıkları Kliniği, İstanbul, Türkiye
2Acıbadem Mehmet Ali Aydınlar Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi, Çocuk ve Ergen Ruh Sağlığı ve Hastalıkları Anabilim Dalı, İstanbul, Türkiye
3İstanbul Aydın Üniversitesi, Psikoloji Anabilim Dalı, İstanbul, Türkiye
Purpose: The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of alexithymic characteristics, metacognitive problems, mental and behavioral problems on the risk of the development of bullying behaviors and to be a victim of bullying.

Study design: 450 students (61%girls, n=278) aged between 14-17 recruited from one Anatolian high school and (another) high school were included in this study. 20-Item Toronto Alexithymia Scale, Metacognitions questionnaire for children, and Strengths and difficulties questionnaire self-report form were used as measures. Data were analyzed by independent sample t-test, Pearson product-moment correlation coefficient, and multivariate linear regression analysis.

Results: The results revealed that alexithymia and behavioral problems increase the risk of being a victim; and behavioral problems, Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder/symptoms and peer problems increase the risk of bullying behaviors.

Conclusion: Early identification and treatment of alexithymia and behavioral problems may prevent the development of bullying behaviors and being a victim of bullying; and also may prevent mental and behavioral problems associated with bullying in later stages of life. Keywords : bullying, alexithymia, metacognition, adolescence