Acıbadem Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi 2019 , Vol 10, Issue 2
Do The Opinions of Nursing Students Towards The Attributes of a Good Nurse Change When They Are In The First and Fourth Year?
Aslıhan Akpınar1,Rahime Aydın Er1,Mine Şehiraltı1
1Kocaeli Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi, Tıp Tarihi ve Etik Anabilim Dalı, Kocaeli, Türkiye DOI : 10.31067/0.2019.141 Purpose/Aim: We aimed to determine the opinions of nursing students when they are in their first and fourth- year towards the "attributes of a good nurse", and whether and how their views were changed.

Patients and Methods: This study was conducted in the nursing department of a vocational school of health. In 2010/11 academic year, 88 first-year students were asked the following open-ended question: "What, in your opinion, are the attributes of a good nurse?" The same question was asked to the students when they were in the fourth-year (n: 77). The attributes that had been specified by the students were classified afterwards into four categories: (a) Interpersonal relations and communication, (b) the sustaining of personal integrity, (c) the sustaining of professional integrity, (d) scientific knowledge and competence. The relationship between the students" years of study and the attributes they specified was analyzed by a chi-square test.

Results: 82 first year students and 61 fourth year students participated in the study. Students stated 594 attributes of a good nurse in the first-year and 387 in the fourth-year. They frequently 52.4%, 82.0%) described a good nurse as having "professional competence" both in the first and fourth year. However, when they were in the first and fourth-year, they mostly (49.0% and 42.6%) described a good nurse with attributes related to "interpersonal relations and communication". Students placed a greater emphasis on the attributes of "respectful", "altruistic", "patient", "not attaching importance to material values", and "loyalty to nursing" in first year, and attributes of "empathy", able to work in a team", "responsibility" "competence" and "professional" in fourth year.

Conclusion: While the emphasis on the attributes that are related to good nursing practices such as "able to work in a team", "competency" and "responsibility" has increased; some attributes related to interpersonal relations and communication were decreased. Different educational methods could ensure maintaining, acquiring, and implementing important attributes for "a good nurse". Keywords : Medical ethics, professionalism, nursing education, nursing students