Acıbadem Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi 2019 , Vol 10, Issue 2
The Status of Having The Menstrual Symptom In University Students and Its Effect On Quality of Life
Yeşim Aksoy Derya1,Çiğdem Erdemoğlu1,Zeliha Özşahin1
1İnönü Üniversitesi, Ebelik Anabilim Dalı, Malatya, Türkiye DOI : 10.31067/0.2019.140 Aim: The aim of this study was to determine the status of university students to have menstrual symptom and its effect on quality of life.

Materials and Methods: This study was conducted in a cross-sectional design in a public university between April and May 2017. The sample size was determined as 1019 female students with a confidence interval of 99.9%, significance level of 0.05, and an ability of representing the population of 80%. The data were collected by using "Personal Information Form", "Menstrual Symptom Scale", and "Life Quality Index". Numbers, percentages, mean, standard deviation, and pearson"s correlation analysis were used for the statistical evaluation.

Results: 30% of the students with an average age of 20.82±1.67 were in the first-year and 84.4% stated to have an income equals to the expenses. 70.2% of the students had a mean menarche age of 13.50±1.55 indicating that their menstruation was regular and 45.2% stated that at least one person in their families (mother/sister, etc.) had menstrual complaints. The total mean score of menstrual symptom scale was 69.36±17.59 in the study. It was determined that the menstrual symptom subscales were as follows, the "negative effects/somatic complaints" subscale mean score of the students was 40.45±10.63, the mean score of "menstrual pain symptoms" subscale was 21.22±6.07, and the mean score of "the coping methods" subscale was 7.67±4.08. There was a negative significant correlation between SF-12 life quality "physical component summary score", "mental component summary score", all menstrual symptom scales" subscales and the total mean scores. It was found that as the severity of menstrual symptom increased, physical and mental quality of life decreased (p<0.001).

Conclusion: It was determined that the prevalence of menstrual symptom was common among students and as the severity of menstrual syndrome increased, quality of life decreased. Keywords : University students, menstrual symptom, quality of life