Acıbadem Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi 2020 , Vol 11, Issue 2
Investigation Into Research Ethics of Doctoral Theses Within The Experimental Field In Nursing: The Case In Turkey
Nihal Gördes Aydoğdu1,Zuhal Bahar2,Kubra Pınar Gurkan1,Ayşe Çal3,Dilay Açıl4,Burcu Cengiz1
1Dokuz Eylül Üniversitesi, Hemşirelik Fakültesi, İzmir, Türkiye
2Okan Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Fakültesi,Hemşirelik Bölümü, İstanbul,Türkiye
3Ankara Medipol Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Fakültesi,Hemşirelik Bölümü, Ankara, Türkiye
4Manisa Celal Bayar Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Fakültesi,Hemşirelik Bölümü, Manisa, Türkiye
DOI : 10.31067/0.2018.93 Aim: In this study, the dissertation research ethics as applied to experimental and quasi-experimental studies undertaken in the field of nursing in Turkey were examined.

Materials and Methods: It is a retrospective and descriptive study. The theses were accessed by browsing the "National Thesis Center" of the Higher Education Institution. For the research, the full texts of doctoral dissertations undertaken with an experimental / semi-experimental research design within the nursing field were studied. The theses were evaluated by using a questionnaire developed by the researchers in the light of the existing nursing literature. The data were evaluated as absolute numbers and percentages using the SPSS 21.0 software.

Findings: 720 doctoral theses that fell within the scope of the study were accessed from the nursing theses held in the national thesis center for 1985-2016; then 470 theses matching the criteria were examined closely. It was determined that 59.1%of the theses examined employed an informed consent form and were of experimental type, 90.2%of them had obtained institutional permission and 85.5%of them had been approved by an ethics committee. 89.6%of the theses do not indicate in the informed consent forms how the participants" data were to be held; 51.8%contain a declaration that information will be kept confidential.

Conclusions: It is noted that doctoral dissertations in the field of nursing undertaken with an experimental or semi-experimental design in Turkey are missing from internationally accepted publications and, in particular, from the framework of procedures for obtaining informed consent. It is recommended that new researchers be trained during their undergraduate and postgraduate education in how to conduct research and be instructed in the ethical standards and information that must be included in declarations, in accordance with the Helsinki Declaration. Keywords : Doctoral thesis, research ethics, nursing