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The Effect of Self-Care Development Programs In Visually Impairment Students
Kamer Gür1, Ayşe Balcı Sezer1, Meryem Kübra Şentürk2, Esra Sağlam3, Kevser Top4
1Marmara Üniversitesi, Hemşirelik, İstanbul, Türkiye
2Gebze Deva Anadolu Mesleki Ve Teknik Anadolu Lisesi, Hemşirelik, İstanbul, Türkiye
3Bursa Yüksek İhtisas Eğitim Araştırma Hastanesi, Hemşire, Bursa, Türkiye
4Hatay Devlet Hastanesi, Hemşire, Hatay, Türkiye
The aim of the study is to examine the effect of self-care development program on self-care skills in students with visual impairment. One group pretest and post-test semi-experimental design of the study consisted of primary school students (between February-April 2015) of a school in Istanbul between the 2nd and 8th grades who were only visually impaired. It is aimed to reach the whole population instead of a sample group (N=102). Self-care self-efficacy scale, self-care screening and inspection form were used for data collection. The program was carried out in 8 weeks, three times each week. Before and after the program self-care surveys were carried out by the researchers and the data was saved in the inspection form. Final evaluation after the program and inspection evaluations after 4 weeks were done. The data were analyzed in the SPSS 22 packet program. Descriptive statistics (number, percentage) were used in the analysis of the data, cocran’s q test was used as the difference test. It was found that 64.9% of the students stated that they needed support in self-care. Self-care average was medium level. Significant differences were found in pre and post evaluation and inspection evaluation of students’ self-care screening hair hygiene (oily hair), face hygiene (face, eye, noise cleaning), skin hygiene (lesion, sweat and dryness), oral hygiene (plaque, yellowing of teeth, halitosis), nail hygiene (long nails, and untidy) and general appearance (p<0.01). As a result, the program provided positive change in self-care skills in visually impaired students. Keywords : Visually impaired, students, self-care