Acıbadem Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi 2017 , Vol 8, Issue 3
Determination The Ethical Decision Making Process Levels of Nursing Students and The Factors That Effect Them
Sibel Küçük1, Neşe Uysal1, Nazan Çakırer Çalbayram2, İlknur Kahriman3, Sabahat Altundağ4, İlknur Gönenç2
1Yıldırım Beyazıt Üniversitesi, Sağlık Bilimleri Fakültesi, Hemşirelik, Ankara, Türkiye
2Ankara Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Fakültesi, Hemşirelik, Ankara, Türkiye
3Karadeniz Teknik Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Fakültesi, Hemşirelik, Trabzon, Türkiye
4Pamukkale Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Fakültesi, Hemşirelik, Denizli, Türkiye
Aim: The aim of this study is to determine the ethical decision making process of nursing students and the factors that effect them.

Method: Total 848 1st and 4th year students at Pamukkale, Karadeniz Teknik, Ankara, and Hacettepe University nursing departments, were chosen by stratified random sampling method and constituted the study sample. Data was collected with a questionnaire and the Nursing Ethical Dilemma Test. For statistical analysis, descriptive statistics (frequency, mean values), t test and variance analysis were used.

Results: The students’ average age was 20.01±2.07; 81.1% were male, and 44.5% had previously encountered an ethic problem. Most of the ethical problems reported were communication problems between patient and nurse. The students remarked that these were reported to a person of authority (50.3%). Students’ Practical Consideration (PC) test average point is 20,10 ± 4,85; Principle Thinking (PT) test average point is 49,87 ± 6,83; Ethical Dilemmas test average point is 18.32 ± 2.93. Familiarity score means of women were higher. It was found that the students with nuclear type families had a significantly higher mean of PT scores. Also, a statistically significant difference is recorded in the PC, PT and familiarity point averages among those taking ethics education and according to their class levels (p <0.05).

Conclusion: Nursing students did encounter some ethical problems during their education and their ethical decision making levels were considered to be average. It is found that taking ethical education and some demographic characteristics are effective on ethical decision making levels. Keywords : nursing, ethic, decision-making