Acıbadem Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi 2016 , Vol 7, Issue 2
Determining The Incidence of Postsurgical Pain and Amount of Analgesic Use Postsurgical Pain and Analgesic
Kadriye Acar1, Hüseyin Acar2, Figen Demir3, Fatma Eti Aslan4
1Sakarya Üniversitesi, Sağlık Bilimleri Enstitüsü Hemşirelik Anabilim Dalı, Sakarya, Türkiye
2Kocaeli Üniversitesi, Tıp Fakültesi Acil Tıp Anabilim Dalı, Kocaeli, Türkiye
3Acıbadem Üniversitesi, Tıp Fakültesi Halk Sağlığı Anabilim Dalı, istanbul, Türkiye
4Acıbadem Üniversitesi, Sağlık Bilimleri Enstitüsü Cerrahi Hastalıklar Hemşireliği Anabilim Dalı, İstanbul, Türkiye
Objectives: Worldwide, surgical patients frequently complain about post-operative pain. Despite improvements in pharmacology and technology, post-operative pain still remains an important problem. This descriptive study was conducted in a surgery clinic to determine patients' pain incidence, analgesic use and related factors.

Patients and Methods: Our research was conducted between 01.09.2012-01.01.2013 in the general surgery clinic of Kocaeli University Research and Training Hospital. Patients who had undergone abdominal surgical operation and on post-operative day two were included in the study. One hundred and fifty patients agreed to participate. A quantitative evaluation scale was used to determine patients' pain levels. A researcher interviewed each patient individually, and the data was recorded in the research paper.

Results: According to the findings in our study 77.3% of patients had varying levels of pain and 22.7% did not have any pain. There was no relationship between pain and personal demographics, previous surgery or pain from different locations. We also found that 3% of patients did not use any analgesics, 78% of patients used only opioids and the remainder used NSAID, opioid or acetaminophen (paracetamol) alone or combined intravenously.

Conclusion: In conclusion postoperative pain is founded to have a high incidence despite new and proven analgesia. Nurses should follow current approaches in the treatment of pain and should utilize other disciplines in order to use effective methods of pain management. Keywords : Postoperative pain, analgesic drugs, pain management