Acıbadem Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi 2016 , Vol 7, Issue 1
Synthetic Cannabinoids
Işıl Pakiş, Oğuz Polat
Acıbadem Üniversitesi, Adli Tıp, İstanbul, Türkiye Synthetic cannabinoids, a subgroup of cannabinoid, are commonly used drugs. It is observed that the rate of synthetic cannabinoids has increased rapidly in recent years. Many of these drugs are much more potent than delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the primary psychoactive constituent of marijuana. The number of intoxicated people presenting with emergencies is constantly increasing, and also more cases are resulting with death. The long period of SC usage results with addiction and withdrawal symptoms and psychiatric symptoms just like marijuana. Acute intoxication differs from marijuana by being more stimulant and the effects are similiar the use of the sympathomimetic agent. It is also hard to diagnose, because people sell in different variations over the market. The study aimed to discuss the increasingly used SC's clinical and pharmacological properties, the usage, forensic aspects, legal regulations and prevention and treatment options. Keywords : synthetic cannabinoids, bonsai, toxic effects