Acıbadem Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi 2015 , Vol 6, Issue 3
Hemşirelik Öğrencilerinin Klinik Eğitim Sırasında Yaptıkları İlaç Uygulama Hataları Ve Tıbbi Hata Farkındalıkları
Ayfer Bayındır Çevik, Ayşegül Demirci, Zehra Güven
Recep Tayyip Erdoğan Üniversitesi Sağlık Yüksekokulu, İç Hastalıkları Hemşireliği Anabilim Dalı, Rize, Türkiye Purpose: This is a descriptive and cross-sectional study designed to determine the frequency of medication administration errors, and medical error awareness, of nursing students during clinical training.

Method: The study was conducted with 242 students who were studying at the Health High School Department of Nursing, and who agreed to participate in the study. A 20-item questionnaire, developed by the researchers, in line with similar literature, was used. Data was analyzed using numbers, percentage distributions, Pearson chi-square, and ANOVA tests.

Results: The most common error of students was to administer medicine that they did not prepare themselves (48.8%). The frequency of medication errors did not show significant differences between years in school (p>0.05). Administering an injection to the wrong site (15.3%) (p<0.05), administering the wrong medication (11.8%), and administering medication to the wrong patient (14.1%) were most common among first year students (p<0.001). Administering a medicine that was prepared by someone else was most common with second year students (75.3%) (p<0.05). The most frequently encountered errors during practice included those related to lack of communication (62.0%) and needle injuries (59.9%). It was found that during practice, third year students made mostly medication errors (45.0%), while second year students made mostly needle injury errors (68.5%) (p<0.01).

Conclusion: In order to reduce medication errors and to increase medical error awareness, it is suggested that students should practice more in a laboratory prior to clinical training in their first year of nursing school and that nursing students and instructors should practice one-on-one during clinical training. Additionally, students should be taught how to avoid medicine and medical errors, and awareness training programs should be implemented. Keywords : nursing, university student, medication error, medical error, awareness