Acıbadem Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi 2014 , Vol 5, Issue 1
The Knowledge and Practices of Mothers With 6 Month-Old Babies Related With The Transition To Solid Complementary Feeding Food and Breastfeeding
Birsen Bilgen Sivri1, Funda Özpulat2, Mustafa Büyükmumcu3
1Mevlana Üniversitesi Sağlık Hizmetleri Yüksekokulu, Hemşirelik, Konya
2Selçuk Üniversitesi Akşehir Kadir Yallagöz Sağlık Yüksekokulu,Hemşirelik, Konya
3Konya Necmettin Erbakan Üniversitesi Anatomi, Konya
Aim: It is planned to determine the reasons of transition and transition time of mothers with 6 month-old babies for transition to complementary foods.

Patients and Methods: The present study designed as a descriptive study was performed in Aksehir within the period of 01 April-31 May 2010. At the planning stage, the necessary written permissions from Health Group Presidency of the Region have been obtained, before the the onset of the study As the study was based on voluntary participation approvals has been taken from the mothers. Two hundred and twenty mothers with 6 month-old babies selected by simple random sampling method from primary, secondary and tertiary health centers and the data obtained from questionnaires were analyzed with the SPSS-17.

Results: 83,6% of the mothers were between 20-35 old years. 97% of mothers were housewives who have been graduated from secondary school or with lower level of education.The relationship between the level of education and employment status of mothers was variable (p<0,05). 59% of Mothers who were married at the age of 22 years or later delivered by cesarean section, 54% started to breastfeed her baby following 2 hours of birth. A correlation was found between age of marriage- delivery methods and breastfeeding (p<0,05). 92.7% of the mothers breastfeed, 32,4% had already used complementary foods. 38.8% of mothers started to complementary foods, 31.3% of mothers started to complementary foods as they presumed it was the correct time to to use them. 54,4% of mothers started to complementary foods with the help of health staff but also 84,5% of them also thought that It is necessary to get help.

Conclusion: Nearly half of the mothers started the complementary foods with the help of health staff, and 84,5% stated that professional help should be necessary These results emphasized the importance of especially both advisor and trainer role of nurses in the critical period of transition to complementary foods. Keywords : breast milk, complementary food, 0-6 month baby feeding